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On her later history, see Numbers 12:1-15. Ver. It may well have been a regular feast before that, … The office of “prophetess” seems to have been permitted to women in Egypt, though that of “priestess” was, until Ptolemaic times, forbidden them. These verses detail how and when to hold the sacrificial meal popularly known as “Passover.” Great care is taken in describing how and when ritual food should be prepared, consumed, and disposed of. Miriam leads the Israelite women in their victory songs. Miriam the prophetess — so called from her receiving divine revelations (Numbers 12:1; Micah 6:4), but in this instance principally from her being eminently skilled in music, and in this sense the word “prophecy” is sometimes used in Scripture (1 Chronicles 25:1; 1 Corinthians 11:5). The child was the son of the minister of a very liberal church. in which she was born. all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances—We shall understand this by attending to the modern customs of the East, where the dance—a slow, grave, and solemn gesture, generally accompanied with singing and the sound of the timbrel, is still led by the principal female of the company, the rest imitating her movements and repeating the words of the song as they drop from her lips. Mary, or Mariam, as it was formerly pronounced, though the Masorets now read Miriam: may signify one "exalted, lady, star, bitterness of the sea." Note; (1.) Psalms 81:2; Psalms 149:3; Psalms 150:4). Ephesians 4:11. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances, all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Here is, 1. Timbrels and with dances.—By “timbrels” are meant tambours, or tambourines, favourite instruments in Egypt, and usually played by women there (Wilkinson: Ancient Egyptians, vol. She was best known to the people by her relation to Aaron, with whom she had lived for many years, when Moses was banished. --- Of Aaron. Job 21:12. Miriam is called a prophetess, evidently Numbers 12:2 because she and Aaron had received divine communications. With timbrels and with dances, according to their ancient custom in public solemnities. lib. The prophet Micah regarded her as having had a part in the work of Israel’s deliverance (Micah 6:4). 1 Thessalonians 5:20. "[42]; Numbers 12:6-8 reveals that her inspiration was of a degree less than that of Moses, which also may account for her being introduced here, not as Moses' sister, which presumably she was, but as the sister of Aaron. For the meaning of the word prophet, נביא nabi, see the note on Genesis 20:7. 2 Samuel 6:5. Dibre Hayamim, fol. Joseph's brothers, offended by Joseph's impudence, sold him into slavery (Genesis 37). ... NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 15:20-21 20 Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took the timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dancing. John Trapp Complete Commentary. i. c. The men repeated what Moses had entoned, and the women did the same after Mary; unless, perhaps, the multitude of both sexes, respectively, repeated only the first verse by way of chorus; or Mary and her band took up each verse "in answer" to the men, as the Hebrew insinuates. For Jehovah their God for ever reigns, and reigns to protect and bless his favoured people. Ver. The sister of Aaron.—She is called “sister of Aaron,” rather than of Moses, because Aaron was the head of the family (Exodus 6:20; Exodus 7:7). The combination of music with song in religious worship, here for the first time brought before us, became the fixed rule of the Tabernacle service from the time of David (2 Samuel 6:15; 1 Chronicles 23:5; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6), and was adopted into the Temple service from its first establishment (2 Chronicles 5:12). Exodus 15:20 Context 17Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, inthe place, O LORD, whichthou hast made for thee to dwell in, inthe Sanctuary, O Lord, whichthy hands have established. 10.) Ezekiel 28:13), "timbre]. Dancing, on the contrary, though adopted into religious worship by many nations, sanctioned by the present passage, by the example of David (2 Samuel 6:16), and by expressions in the Psalms (Psalms 149:3; Psalms 150:4), has never found an entrance into Christian ceremonial, unless among a few fanatic sects. Biblical Commentary Exodus 14:10-31 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: The book of Exodus tells about the oppression of the Israelites in Egypt (1:8-22), and Moses' early life (chapter 2). Miriam, most probably, is called a prophetess in this sense. This divine canticle will afford joy even to the elect, Apocalypse xv. And Miriam the prophetess - We have already seen that Miriam was older than either Moses or Aaron: for when Moses was exposed on the Nile, she was a young girl capable of managing the stratagem used for the preservation of his life; and then Aaron was only three years and three months old, for he was fourscore and three years old when Moses was but fourscore, (see Exodus 7:7;); so that Aaron was older than Moses, and Miriam considerably older than either, not less probably than nine or ten years of age. The word, which we render dances, some render flutes, or pipes: but ours seems the more true and proper interpretation. (See Quintil. The establishment of the ordinances which were afterwards observed by Israel, Exod. 20. Shemot - Exodus - Chapter 15 ... Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. Moses led the way, and Miriam answered. The reason of this is to be found in the abuses which, through human infirmity, became by degrees connected with the practice, causing it to become unfit for a religious purpose. Yet must it be observed, at the same time, that musical instruments were among the legal ceremonies which Christ at His coming abolished; and therefore we, under the Gospel, must maintain a greater simplicity. (y) "cum fistulis", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "cum tibiis", Drusius; so Ainsworth. took a timbrel—or "tabret"—a musical instrument in the form of a hoop, edged round with rings or pieces of brass to make a jingling noise and covered over with tightened parchment like a drum. His funeral was one of the saddest occasions because there was no evidence of a truly Christian faith on the part of those most intimately involved. And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 2. , as it is by some rendered; and by the Syriac and Arabic versions, "sistrums"; which were musical instruments much used by the Egyptians, and from whom the Israelitish women had these; and as they were going to keep a feast in the wilderness, they lent them to them, it is very probable, on that account; otherwise it is not easy to conceive what use the Israelites could have for them, and put them to during their hard bondage and sore affliction in Egypt: now with these they went out of the camp or tents into the open fields, or to the shore of the Red sea, and sung as Moses and the men of Israel did: to this the psalmist seems to refer in Psalm 68:25. Bishop Huet is of opinion, that the dances in honour of Diana, mentioned in the hymn of Callimachus to her, alludes to this part of the sacred history. II. The *Israelites leave Egypt An EasyEnglish BibleVersion and Commentary(2800 word vocabulary) on Exoduschapters 1 to 18 www.easyenglish.bible Hilda Bright and Kitty Pride This commentary has beenthroughAdvanced Checking. Also note this same dual pattern in Judges 4 and 5. The prophetess - הנביאה hannebiah . See Clarke's note on Genesis 31:27. Souls have no sexes: and if souls follow the temperament of their bodies, as philosophy saith they do, women’s bodies consist of rarer rooms, of a more exact composition than men’s do. The same, it is highly probable, that is called the sister of Moses, Exodus 2:3, her name Miriam is the same as Mary with us, and signifies bitterness; and, as the HebrewsF24Seder Olam Rabba, c. 3. p. 9. 3. 18The LORD shall reign for ever and ever. Scripture quoted by permission. Learn more today! took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances; timbrels were a sort of drums or tabrets, which being beat upon gave a musical sound, somewhat perhaps like our kettledrums; and though dances were sometimes used in religious exercises, yet the word may signify another kind of musical instruments, as "pipes" or "flutes"F25במחלת "cum fistulis", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "cum tibiis", Drusius; so Ainsworth. 20:1-40:38 Moses, in this book, begins, like Caesar, to write his own Commentaries; nay, a greater, a … These books record the dealings of God with Israel. 1 Samuel 10:5; 1 Samuel 18:6. Note the journeyings, at the extremes; with the six ascents and descents of Moses, separated by the two principal subjects of the book: the giving of the Law and the making of the Tabernacle. 17). 2Sa 6:1 Ch. Exodus 1:6-22; 15:20–6:8 Commentary by Rolf Jacobson Introduction: A Sprawling Story — The Exodus This week’s assigned narrative lectionary text is a big, sprawling story — the story of the Exodus, plus a few verses from the start of the Wilderness story. God dealt well with the midwives — he made them houses — He blessed them in kind: for as they kept up Israel’s houses or families, so God, in recompense, built them up into families, blessed their children, and made them prosperous. The solemn singing of it, Exodus 15:20,21. See Numbers 12:2 Micah 6:4. Many learned men suppose that this word means some instruments of wind music, because the word comes from the root חלל chalal, the ideal meaning of which is to perforate, penetrate, pierce, stab, and hence to wound. 21 Miriam answered them, 2. ◄ Exodus 15:20 ► And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. Probably this was the same instrument which is now used by the modern Egyptians — a small, shallow drum, made by stretching a skin upon a hoop, about eleven inches in diameter. Miriam the prophetess; so called, either in a general sense, because she was an instructer of other women in the praise and service of God; or in a more special sense, because she had the Spirit of prophecy. REFLECTIONS.—Prayer and praise usually go together: the mercies that we have in faith desired, we shall in song acknowledge; and a noble and enlivening part is this of Divine worship. The arrangement of the choir on this occasion into two bands—one of males, the other of females—and the combined employment of music, song, and dancing by the female band, are in close accord with Egyptian customs. Moses passes over himself out of modesty. Hence it is very likely that she was the instructress of the women, and regulated the times, places, etc., of their devotional acts; for it appears that from the beginning to the present day the Jewish women all worshipped apart. The victory is described with the most sublime expressions: the vain confidence of the Egyptians in their pursuit, and their cruelty in the threatened destruction: but how unequal in the contest, when all creation rises at God's command; and they sink as lead in the mighty waters? Well may every humble believer rejoice in this consideration, His God is not only a present Saviour, but will be the Author of his eternal salvation. Exodus 15:20. Moses led the psalm, and gave it out for the men, and then Miriam for the women. 1. 2. The prophet Micah regarded her as having had a part in the work of Israel’s deliverance (Micah 6:4). She is called the sister of Aaron, most probably to indicate her special position as coordinate, not with Moses the leader of the nation, but with his chief aid and instrument. The mention of dances here is in keeping with the custom of religious dances prevalent also in the times of David. 20.And Miriam the prophetess. 15:20 Miriam (or Mary, it is the same name) presided in an assembly of the women, who (according to the common usage of those times) with timbrels and dances, sung this song. The name of the book 2. Miriam (or Mary, it is the same name) presided in an assembly of the women, who (according to the common usage of those times) with timbrels and dances, sung this song. Try it free for 30 days! 20 Then vMiriam wthe prophetess, the xsister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand, and yall the women went out after her with tambourines and dancing. We cannot, in our praises, enough exalt the great and glorious name of our God. "And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out with her with timbrels and with dances.". We should ever profess our dependence upon him; and past experience should confirm our present confidence. Others, the lady of the sea, the bitterness of the sea, etc. Note; (1.) But although Moses honors his sister by the title of “prophetess,” he does not say that she assumed to herself the office of public teaching, but only that she was the leader and directress of the others in praising God. When, therefore, the men had finished their song, the women followed in order. It is possible, however that Miriam might merit this title in a more eminent sense, as having been peculiarly favoured with Divine inspiration: see Numbers 12:2 and Mich. Exodus 6:4 from which last passage one would conclude, that Miriam was inspired for the instruction of the women, as Moses and Aaron were for that of the men. And Miriam the prophetess - The part here assigned to Miriam and the women of Israel is in accordance both with Egyptian and Hebrew customs. took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances; timbrels were a sort of drums or tabrets, which being beat upon gave a musical sound, somewhat perhaps like our kettledrums; and though dances were sometimes used in religious exercises, yet the word may signify another kind of musical instruments, as "pipes" or "flutes" (y), as it is by some rendered; and by the Syriac and Arabic versions, "sistrums"; which were musical instruments much used by the Egyptians, and from whom the Israelitish women had these; and as they were going to keep a feast in the wilderness, they lent them to them, it is very probable, on that account; otherwise it is not easy to conceive what use the Israelites could have for them, and put them to during their hard bondage and sore affliction in Egypt: now with these they went out of the camp or tents into the open fields, or to the shore of the Red sea, and sung as Moses and the men of Israel did: to this the psalmist seems to refer in Psalm 68:25. See Jude 11:34 21:21 1 Samuel 18:6 2 Samuel 6:14,21 Jer 31:4,13. Both the Arabic and Persian understand it as meaning instruments of music of the pipe, drum, or sistrum kind; and this seems to comport better with the scope and design of the place than the term dances. The beating of timbrels may indeed appear absurd to some, but the custom of the nation excuses it, which David witnesses to have existed also in his time, where he enumerates, together with the singers, “the damsels playing with timbrels,” ( Psalms 68:25,) evidently in accordance with common and received custom. Exodus 15:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Exodus 15:20, NIV: "Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron's sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels and dancing." 1,) and singing his praises. 2. observe, had it from the bitterness of the times, and the afflictions the Israelites endured and groaned under when she was born; which is a much more probable signification and reason of her name than what is given by others, that it is the same with Marjam, which signifies a drop of the sea; from whence, they fancy, came the story of Venus, and her name of Aphrodite, the froth of the sea: Miriam was a prophetess, and so called, not from this action of singing, here recorded of her, for so all the women that sung with her might be called prophetesses, though sometimes in Scripture prophesying intends singing; but rather from her having a gift of teaching and instructing, and even of foretelling things to come; for the Lord spoke by her as well as by Moses and Aaron, and she, with them, were the leaders of the people of Israel, sent to them of the Lord, see Numbers 12:2, she is particularly called the sister of Aaron, though she was likewise the sister of Moses; the reason is, that being older than Moses, she was Aaron's sister before his, and having lived all her days with Aaron almost, and very little with Moses, was best known by being the sister of Aaron; and it is possible she might be his own sister by father and mother's side, when Moses was by another woman; however, it is said of her, she. 11, 1903 ) St. Ambrose ) ( Calmet ) -- - timbrels, which were already used in worship! 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