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For example, while river birch (Betula nigra) grows throughout U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9 and can grow over … The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. japonica Hara.) There are many variables and growing conditions that could affect the growth rate of a tree. Bark color and texture Originally Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding yellow in the fall. Birches do not transplant easily. Fast growing trees give homeowners the opportunity to realize the benefits of a mature tree sooner. Whitespire has a beautiful spire-like upright form, white non-exfoliating bark and excellent bronze birch borer resistance. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. Have tree and plant questions? It also tolerates poor soils. Considered to have a short life span. A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk on the tree… Our Whitespire Birch grown in clump form (three stems) averages 8 to 10' tall with good stem caliper. Avoid pruning birches in spring as they are bleeders (will lose quantities of sap). Spread: 10-20ft. Cylindrical clusters of winged nutlets, borne at end of branches, 2 to 3 inches long. The birch's canopy spreads 40 … Whitespire Birch is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils. I have 3 Whitespire Birch clumps (Betula Platyhylla) that I planted about 8 years ago. About Whitespire Birch Clump. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. Avoid pruning birches in spring as they are 'bleeders' and will lose a great deal of sap. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Graceful, open-branched pyramidal form. This cultivar demonstrates good resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. Due to susceptibility to bronze birch borer (BBB), European white birch is not recommended for planting anywhere in this region and usually require removal and/or replacement. Our future. Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales. Yellow autumn leaves. Other common names:Gray Birch. Remove all the leaves from the bottom 3 inches of the cutting. Height: 20-40ft. use escape to move to top level menu parent. One big strong guy can carry this potted tree but better if two people work together! There are many varieties of birch trees – paper, gray, yellow, river, and white birch – though the paper birch is perhaps the most distinctive, with its curling white bark. How to Grow Birch Trees. Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Leaf Color: Green. Although the success rate is usually only about 50 percent, birch trees can sometimes be propagated by rooting branch cuttings. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits. Our communities. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Maybe you've admired the pretty deciduous tree 3 blocks over. Whitespire Birch is extremely versatile and can be used nearly anywhere in the landscape. It is not tolerant of flooding of any long duration. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. Tree & Plant Care. Japanese beetle is also a serious problem on this tree. The slowest-growing tree is said to be the cedar tree. Cultivar 'Whitespire' more desirable than the species. Dazzling white bark from ground level which is maintained into old age. Where to put it: Whitespire Birch is extremely versatile … Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. Saved by Stuber Land Design. Whitespire Birch. A medium sized tree tolerant of hot, dry summers and poor soils.Considered to have a short life span. Bloom Time: Mar-Apr. Disease, pests, and problems. My problem is one of the trees I believe went into early Hibernation, it lost all of its leaves, 3 to 4 weeks before the other two trees last fall. Size C Trees: Our Whitespire Birch grown in clump form (three stems) averages 10-12' tall and very heavy stem caliper to 2". Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Stop by, email, or call. Growth Rate: Medium fast. This tree also features interesting catkins which grace the tree in the summer. It thrives under a wide range of soil conditions. This cultivar demonstrates good resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). I haven't seen this tree get the typical grayish tinted white bark … Water Needs: Medium to high. Whitespire Birch is our only recommended white-barked birch because of its resistance to bronze birch borer and Japanese beetle. This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Margins are double serrated, leaf tip is long and pointed. And others grow as classic single-trunk trees. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. The most narrow growing of all birches. Simple, alternate leaves; 2 to 3 inches long. A 3-year study was conducted to evaluate growth and survival of trees grafted onto five species of birch rootstocks. Brown or green catkins can be present throughout the growing season and are quite ornamental. This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. It is a deciduous tree with a strong central leader and has a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Propagating a Paper Birch Tree . Good white bark with dark green leaves turning yellow in the fall. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. Use enter to activate. Full sun. Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. Monrovia's Purple Rain® European White Birch details and information. These trees have their own charms, however. Cut a 6- to 8-inch-long green branch tip, making the cut just below a leaf node. Whitespire birch trees (Betula platyphylla japonica 'Whitespire') are deciduous trees with an annual growth rate of 12 to 18 inches. Exhibits the brightest white bark of any tree for a truly distinctive and exciting show! Yellow birch, named for the color of its bark, is a relatively long-lived birch which typically grows 150 years and may even grow up to 300 years in old-growth forests. They all leaved out this year but one tree's leaves are starting to turning yellow. A wonderful large yard tree with terrific yellow fall coloring. It's easy to understand why the Heritage® River Birch is such a popular tree. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more. Budded and tissue culture. This is a cultivar of a tree native to the northeastern United States. 'Whitespire' is fairly tolerant of drought and poor soils as well. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. At a minimum, wear a visor to prevent wood chips damaging the eyes, chain saw trousers and boots to protect your legs from accidental contact with the chain, and strong gloves to protect your hands from scrapes against the tree. It is a single-stemmed tree with yellow-bronze bark that peels in narrow horizontal strips. Fall Color: Yellow. It shoots up to its mature height of 50 to 90 feet with an annual growth rate averaging 36 inches per growing season. Explore. For starters, it's resistant to common diseases, grows up to 2 to 3 feet each year, and adapts to a variety of soil types. It takes 150 years to grow four inches. Use of this tree is limited by its susceptibility to bronze birch borer. Shows some resistance to the bronze birch borer. The bright green leaves rustle i Our trees. Gray Birch is more resistant to borers than other white birches, but tends to be short-lived for a tree of about 30 to 50 years. This Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season. Whether you plant European white birch (Betula pendula) or paper birch (Betula papyrifera), your pruners will sit on the shelf most of the time. Bloom Time/Color: N/A. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Maintenance: low. Leaves are glossy, dark green turning yellowish-green in fall. When To Prune Birch Trees. The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla. A medium sized tree tolerant of hot, dry summers and poor soils. Simple, alternate leaves; 2 to 3 inches long.Dark green, triangular-shaped, shiny, pendulous  leaves.Margins are double serrated, leaf tip is long and pointed.Yellow fall color. Dark green, triangular-shaped, shiny, pendulous  leaves. Growth Rate: Moderate: Shape: Upright, Pyramidal : Whitespire Japanese Birch likes full sun and is adapted to a wide range of soils. Mature Height: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. Tall and stately, Whitespire's showy bark does not exfoliate or peel. They are characterized by their non-peeling white bark with black patches and pointed, triangular-shaped glossy green leaves that turn golden yellow in fall. Keeping a Fantastic Birch Bark A great tree to give a natural look to the landscape. Jun 27, 2016 - This is a grafted birch, so all trees grow uniform and identical. The following menu has 3 levels. Zone: 3-6. The species is noted for its non-peeling chalky white bark and its long-pointed triangular green leaves. `Whitespire' Japanese birch ( Betula platyphylla var. Cultivar 'Whitespire' more desirable than the species.Avoid pruning birches in spring as they are bleeders (will lose quantities of sap).Best planted  in spring. If you are a gardener who loves to prune, don't select a white birch tree for your backyard. Building the urban forest for 2050. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. Description. Add to Cart Wishlist . Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. 'Whitespire' gray birch is a very popular tree in the Midwest because of its aspen-like white bark that provides winter interest and interesting landscape value. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Exposure: Full sun to part shade. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Reply Trish B June 22, 2019 at 10:41 pm. Cold Hardiness-20 to -30° F. Sun Exposure: Full sun. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Whitespire Senior gray birch, Whitespire birch. Whitespire Birch will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 26 feet. Gray birch prefers sunlight and is shade intolerant. The species, Betula populifolia, or gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel.Black triangular patches form on bark, under branches. The Whitespire Birch is a great hybrid birch tree with snowy white bark and good fall color. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. Will tolerate temperatures of -30 to 120 deg. Birch, Whitespire The Whitespire Birch, Betula populifolia ‘Whitespire’, is an Ed Hasselkus from the University of Wisconsin-Madison introduction with chalk-white bark that does not exfoliate. Growth Rate: Fast. 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